Horizontal drum volume calculations are based on calculations
for areas of segments of circles, for the cylinderical section, and the
volume of spherical segments for the heads. Partially filled torospherical
heads are assumed to have the same fractional fill volume to total volume
ratio as has an equivalent elliptical head at the same liquid height.
William Beyer, CRC Mathematical Tables 26th Ed.
(Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1981), p. 123 and 128.
Bruce Curran, Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook 6th Ed.
(New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1984), p. 6-108.
Arthur Hoerl, et. al., Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook 6th Ed.
(New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1984), p. 2-11 - 2-12.
Copyrighted 1999, 2003
Last updated 04MAy03